I’ve also featured some great books featuring redwood trees to continue learning. The first European who visited parts of the coast, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, came from Portugal in 1542. Farming-related sales more than quadrupled over the past three decades. It is the third largest state in size. California has long been a subject of interest in the public mind and has often been promoted by its boosters as a kind of paradise. The range embraces Yosemite Valley, famous for its glacially carved domes, and Sequoia National Park, home to the giant sequoia trees, the largest living organisms on Earth, and the deep freshwater lake, Lake Tahoe, the largest lake in the state by volume. The word California originally referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico; it was later extended to the entire region composed of the current United States states of California, Nevada, and Utah, and parts of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Wyoming. Iron Door Saloon. In the deserts of the lower Sonoran zone, the mammals include the jackrabbit, kangaroo rat, squirrel, and opossum. California is home to the highest point (Mt. Smog is worst in the summer, but so is fog (a component of smog). California's mountains produce rain shadows on the eastern side, creating extensive deserts. California boasts several superlatives in its collection of flora: the largest trees, the tallest trees, and the oldest trees. Whitney) and the lowest point (Death Valley) in the continental United States. They bought 160 acres of land to the west near what is now Hollywood. In 2010, the Modern Language Association of America estimated that 57.02% (19,429,309) of California residents age 5 and older spoke only English at home, while 42.98% spoke another primary language at home. The entire west coast of California touches the Pacific Ocean, resulting in natural treasure troves. Many California endemics have become endangered, as urbanization, logging, overgrazing, and the introduction of exotic species have encroached on their habitat. The story of California is the story of dreamers—explorers, gold miners, immigrants, ranchers, moviemakers, farmers, and everyday Americans who headed west for a fresh start. California is one of the nation’s largest states in area; only Alaska and Texas are bigger. By population, it is the largest state in the US while by area, it is the third largest state of the US. California is home to many tourist attractions including Disneyland, the San Diego Zoo, Lego Land, and Yosemite National Park. Because California has the greatest diversity of climate and terrain, the state has six life zones which are the lower Sonoran (desert); upper Sonoran (foothill regions and some coastal lands), transition (coastal areas and moist northeastern counties); and the Canadian, Hudsonian, and Arctic Zones, comprising the state's highest elevations. Facts About Los Angeles Weather . California has almost 40,000,000 residents, more than Canada and roughly 1/8 of U.S. population. The peak in question is Mount Whitney, which is almost 14,500 feet tall. Reptiles such as the garter snakes and rattlesnakes inhabit the zone. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. And the biggest cities in California (Los Angeles, San Francisco, and San Diego) all touch the coastline and are famous for their … Sierra hermit thrush, water ouzel, and Townsend's solitaire. The horizontal distance from the bottom of Death Valley to the top of Mount Whitney is less than 90 miles (140 km). (Today the state has a total of nearly 40,000,000 people.) California. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- About 45 percent of the state's total surface area is covered by forests, and California's diversity of pine species is unmatched by any other state. The Golden State has the largest economy of any state in the country. Divided in two by the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, the northern portion, the Sacramento Valley serves as the watershed of the Sacramento River, while the southern portion, the San Joaquin Valley is the watershed for the San Joaquin River. The upper Sonoran zone boasts mammals such as the antelope, brown-footed woodrat, and ring-tailed cat. California Facts For Kids. Farther inland, there are colder winters and hotter summers. Indeed, almost all of southeastern California is arid, hot desert, with routine extreme high temperatures during the summer. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. The population is projected to reach forty million by 2020 and fifty million by 2060. California contains more forestland than any other state except Alaska. More than 10,000 years ago, the first people arrived in what is now California. california facts for kids - TIME For TIME For Kids The Amazing Fact and Puzzle Book Word puzzles, brain teasers, optical and picture puzzles, mazes, anagrams and math and logic puzzles will challenge children to use all of their thinking and learning skills while discovering fascinating information. California grows 99.5% of all dates grown in the United States, Fresno, California is the Raisin Capital of the World. About 37,000 earthquakes are recorded each year, but most are too small to be felt. In the 1960s, popular music groups such as The Beach Boys promoted the image of Californians as laid-back, tanned beach-goers. The Central Valley i… California is the 3rd largest state in the United States in area, after Alaska and Texas. The Spanish called the part of the land that later became part of the United States Alta California (Upper California) when it was split from what became Baja California (Lower California). According to the USDA in 2011, the three largest California agricultural products by value were milk and cream, shelled almonds, and grapes. The western part of the part given to the United States became today's state of California. When Daeida, Havery's wife, traveled to the East Coast, she met a lady on a train that came from a placed called Hollywood Ohi… Facts about California 4: the origin of California State Flower. The first native inhabitants arrived 9,000 years ago, ancestors of the … The California Trail also spanned across the west of the United States. https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/states/california.html. Tweet This Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose are all in top ten largest U. S. cities. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world and the 35th most populous. The 1906 San Francisco earthquake and 1928 St. Francis Dam flood remain the deadliest in U.S history. California is often geographically bisected into two regions, Southern California, comprising the 10 southernmost counties, and Northern California, comprising the 48 northernmost counties. Going by land was very difficult, because there were no roads and no trains, and many Native Americans were attacking American people heading West in wagons. Learn all about California’s national tree with these fun redwood tree facts for kids. About 400,000 people live in Sacramento. There are eight cities of California included in the top 50 most populous cities in United States. But in 1869, the connection got better quickly, because the first railroad across the continent was finished. Water from the Delta provides drinking water for nearly 23 million people, almost two-thirds of the state's population as well as water for farmers on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley. It is also regarded as a global trendsetter in both popular culture and politics, and is the origin of the film industry, the hippie counterculture, the Internet, and the personal computer, among others. The area's reptilian life include the sidewinder viper, desert tortoise, and horned toad. Giant predators like great white sharks and killer whales visit the California coast in search of a good meal. California Facts, Map and State Symbols: California Flag Printout/Quiz Large Flag Printable: California was the 31 st state in the USA; it was... California Facts for Children | A to Z Kids Stuff California Facts California is one of the largest states, and the most economically successful state in the United States, and is one of the most popular places to visit in North America, and indeed the world. To meet the population's needs, major engineering feats like the California and Los Angeles Aqueducts; the Oroville and Shasta Dams; and the Bay and Golden Gate Bridges were built across the state. However, during the 20th century, two great disasters happened in California. Los Angeles is the largest city in California The Californian poppy is the official state flower Home to the first Disneyland theme park The Giant Sequoia tree is the world’s most massive tree, and one of the largest living organisms on Earth California grows over 300,000 tons of grapes each year. Another one of the fun places to go with kids in California while in San Francisco is California’s Great America theme park. Northern parts of the state have more rain than the south. In 1846, as the Mexican-American War was starting, some Americans in California hoped to create a California Republic. California has long had many respected collegiate sports programs. During the 1870's, an agricultural community formed around the community. Mayflower Lesson for Kids: History & Facts 3:14 California Missions Lesson for Kids: Facts & System 3:45 4:28 Next Lesson. California is part of the Nearctic ecozone and spans a number of terrestrial ecoregions. California is the 3rd largest state in the United States in area, after Alaska and Texas. Yet since 1991, and starting in the late 1980s in Southern California, California has seen a net loss of domestic migrants most years. Find more California facts … Trade, intermarriage and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups. Geographic Facts About California The following is a list of ten geographic facts to know about the state of California: California was one of the most diverse regions for Indigenous peoples in the United States with around 70 independent communities … Birds such as the kingfisher, chickadee, towhee, and hummingbird thrive here as well. The south-central desert is called the Mojave; to the northeast of the Mojave lies Death Valley, which contains the lowest and hottest place in North America, the Badwater Basin at −279 feet (−85 m). ("Baja" means "lower" in Spanish.) The Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta is a critical water supply hub for the state. Stanford University and its Dean of Engineering Frederick Terman began encouraging faculty and graduates to stay in California instead of leaving the state, and develop a high-tech region in the area now known as Silicon Valley. As part of the Ring of Fire, California is subject to tsunamis, floods, droughts, Santa Ana winds, wildfires, landslides on steep terrain, and has several volcanoes. Area 163,707 sq. The Los Angeles Area, the Bay Area, and the San Diego metropolitan area are among several major metropolitan areas along the California coast. The five largest sectors of employment in California are trade, transportation, and utilities; government; professional and business services; education and health services; and leisure and hospitality. He said that California was now part of the United States. MC Cali the valley quail takes Barry the bald eagle around the United States's most populated state: California. Migratory species of salmon are common as well. Golden Gate Bridge, San Fransisco, California You’ll find the highest peak in the US mainland in California. In the period from 1900 to 1965, the population grew from fewer than one million to become the most populous state in the Union. This took months, since the trip was thousands of miles long and the Panama Canal had not yet been built either. Interesting facts about California 1. Both valleys derive their names from the rivers that flow through them. The capital is Sacramento. See the fact file below for more information about California or download the comprehensive worksheet collection to utilise within the classroom or home environment. California Fun Facts & Trivia . This was the beginning of the huge farming business that California has today. Ocean currents make the coastline of California one of the richest marine ecosystems, meaning life habitats, in the world. These men flew a "Bear flag" that had a golden bear with a star on it. Some people in Southern California even wanted Southern California to leave the rest of the state and join the Confederate States of America. It only had a single adobe hut at the time. In total, 16 languages other than English were spoken as primary languages at home by more than 100,000 persons, more than any other state in the nation. These majestic trees fascinate me, and I bet you’ll discover a few surprising redwood tree facts you didn’t know! Facts about California 3: the most populated cities. California manufactured 8.7 percent of total United States military armaments produced during World War II, ranking third (behind New York and Michigan) among the 48 states. It borders Nevada and Arizona on the east, Oregon on the north, Mexico on the south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west.. California’s landscape is varied, with mountains, valleys, forests, seacoasts, and deserts. Fact Sheet on California Facts on California for kids : Fun Fact 1: The name California is believed to have originated from a book by a by Garcia Ordonez de Montalvo, the book called 'Las Sergas de Esplandian' is a story about a Spanish island that is ruled by a queen called 'Califia' - hence the name California In the past, the area that was called "California" was not just today's California. California is home to the Silicon Valley (a region known the world over for high technology, innovation, and venture capital.) When Mexico was no longer controlled by Spain, the Mexican government took over the villages, and they soon became empty. Just before the "Dot Com Bust" California had the 5th largest economy in the world among nations. The largest three-day rodeo in the United States is held on the Tehama County Fairgrounds in Red Bluff. California contains both the highest point (Mount Whitney) and the lowest point (Death Valley) in the contiguous United States. This phenomenon is known as "June Gloom." This page was last modified on 23 December 2020, at 02:10. As of September 2016[update], California has an unemployment rate of 5.5%. The males’ heads are black with white stripes. The wingspan reaches a size of 9.8 feet. The first European who saw the entire coast was Sir Francis Drake, in 1579, and he decided that the British owned it. Important cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, and San Francisco. … The economy of California is large enough to be comparable to that of the largest of countries. 35 Interesting Facts About California According to early Spanish explorers, California was an island, which was ruled by Amazon women. The high elevations of the Canadian zone allow the Jeffrey pine, red fir, and lodgepole pine to thrive. Common plants that have been introduced to the state include the eucalyptus, acacia, pepper tree, geranium, and Scotch broom. Characteristic wild flowers include varieties of mariposa, tulip, and tiger and leopard lilies. Spread out over 100 acres, this is an amusement and water park where you can spend the day riding roller coasters, seeing live … The vast majority of rivers in California are dammed as part of two massive water projects: the Central Valley Project, providing water to the agricultural central valley, the California State Water Project diverting water from northern to southern California. Those are Oakland, San Jose, Los Angeles, San Diego, Sacramento, Fresno, Long Beach and San Francisco. Origin of name: Named by the Spanish after Califia, for the mythical earthly paradise in a book called Las Sergas de Esplanidian, written by Garcia Ordonez de … The Klamath Mountains are in the state’s northwest corner. This Republic ended suddenly, however, when Commodore John D. Sloat of the United States Navy sailed into San Francisco Bay. At first, travel between the far west and the east coast of the United States was dangerous and took a lot of time. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Tanbark oak, California laurel, sugar pine, madrona, broad-leaved maple, and Douglas-fir also grow here. In 1834, the route of the California Trail was discovered and developed by Kit Cason, Joseph Walker, and Jedediah Smith who all worked with the Rocky Mountain Fur Company as fur traders. Water is diverted from the delta and through an extensive network of pumps and canals that traverse nearly the length of the state, to the Central Valley and the State Water Projects and other needs. The condor is one of the heaviest birds of North America—second only to trumpeter swan. The only other way was to travel by boat around the Cape Horn, at the southern end of South America.
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